Monday, 13 October 2008

Heart: The Definitive History of

Heart is a rock band whose founding members came from Seattle, Washington in the early 1970s.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8] Going through several lineup changes, the only constant members of the group are sisters Ann and Nancy Wilson.[9] The group rose to fame in the 1970s with their music being influenced by hard rock as well as folk music. After diminishing in popularity by the mid-1980s, the band created a major comeback in 1985 experiencing further success with their power ballads throughout the rest of the decade. By the mid-1990s, Heart left their 1980s' sound and went back to their hard rock roots which they continue to play today. They have sold over 30 million albums worldwide.[10]
Heart was ranked #57 on VH1's "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock".
1 History
1.1 Origins (1967–1974)
1.1.1 Steve Fossen, Roger Fisher, Mike Fisher
1.1.2 Ann and Nancy Wilson
1.2 Success (1975–1982)
1.3 Comeback (1983–1990)
1.4 1991–1995
1.5 1996-2001
1.6 2002-present
1.6.1 2002
1.6.2 2003
1.6.3 2004
1.6.4 2005
1.6.5 2006
1.6.6 2007
1.6.7 2008
2 Legacy
3 Controversy
4 Members and former members
5 Discography
6 Heart songs in other media
7 See also
8 References
8.1 Notes
8.2 Bibliography
8.3 External links

[edit] History

[edit] Origins (1967–1974)

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[edit] Steve Fossen, Roger Fisher, Mike Fisher

White Heart / Heart promotional photo (1970)(L-R)Gary Ziegelman, Ron Rudge, Ken Hansen, Roger Fisher, Steve Fossen, James Cirrello
In 1967 Steve Fossen formed The Army along with Roger Fisher on guitar, Don Wilhelm on guitar, keyboards and lead vocals, Ray Schaefer on drums and Fossen on bass.[11] They played for several years in and around the Bothell, Washington area (northeast of Seattle). They frequently played Bothell High School, Inglemoor High School and Shorecrest High School, as well as many taverns and club venues. They frequented the club "Parkers" on Aurora Avenue in north Seattle during the 1970s when it was better known as the "Aquarius Tavern". In 1969 the band went through line-up changes (Gary Ziegelman on lead vocals, Roger on guitar, Steve on bass, James Cirrello on guitar, Ron Rudge on drums and Ken Hansen on percussion)[11] (and Debi Cuidon, vocals[citation needed]) and a new name, White Heart[11] (from Tales from the White Hart, a collection of short stories by noted author Arthur C. Clarke). For a brief time in 1970 this line-up shortened its name to Heart; however, the band went through more personnel changes, and when Ann Wilson joined in late 1970 the band was named Hocus Pocus.[citation needed]
Mike Fisher, Roger's brother, was set to be drafted. When he did not report for duty, his home was raided, but he slipped out a rear window and escaped to Canada.[1]

Heart promotional photo (1973)
One day in 1971, Mike sneaked across the border to visit family and, by chance, met Ann at a Hocus Pocus show.[5] According to Nancy, that meeting was "when she and Michael fell in love"[1] and Ann decided to follow Mike back to Canada.[3][6] Steve Fossen finished his college education before he also decided to move to Canada in late 1972,[11][7][12] and Roger followed in late 1972 / early 1973[5][7] and, along with Mike, Steve and Ann, the band Heart was officially formed.[7][6][4]
Nancy joined in 1974, and soon after became involved with Roger. In 1974 the Heart lineup consisted of Ann, Nancy, Roger, Steve, John Hannah (keyboards) and Brian Johnstone (drums).[citation needed]

[edit] Ann and Nancy Wilson
The Wilson sisters grew up in Southern California and Taiwan before their Marine Corps father retired to the Seattle suburbs. After Ann graduated from high school, she joined Roger Fisher in the band Hocus Pocus where she met Roger's brother Mike in 1971[5] and followed him back to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Meanwhile, Nancy finished high school then went to college where she majored in art and German literature.[1] She then played solo gigs until 1974 when she quit college and moved to Canada to join Heart.[1][2]

[edit] Success (1975–1982)
After many one-nighters around their new home, the group recorded a demo tape with the assistance of producer Mike Flicker and session-guitarist and keyboard player, Howard Leese. Hannah and Johnstone had left by this time, and soon after Leese became a full-time member of the group. The same team then cut the debut album, "Dreamboat Annie", which attracted the attention of the newly-formed Mushroom Records in 1975, a Vancouver-based label run by Shelly Siegel. Drummers Duris Maxwell, Dave Wilson, Kat Hendrikse and Michael Derosier were among those who played on the sessions for the album. Derosier eventually joined them as their full-time drummer. Upon release in Canada, the album sold an impressive 30,000 copies (no doubt benefitting from Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) Canadian content regulations). In the US, Siegel released the album first in Seattle where it quickly sold another 25,000 copies. With two hit singles, "Crazy on You" (#35, 1976) and "Magic Man" (#9, 1976), "Dreamboat Annie" eventually sold over 1 million copies. Songs of this era can be played on Canadian radio to satisfy CanCon content requirements.
The band was able to freely return to the United States after President Jimmy Carter granted amnesty to Vietnam draft evaders upon taking office on January 21, 1977 and the band was able to play outside of Canada. By this time Heart had broken its contract with Mushroom Records and signed with CBS subsidiary Portrait, a move that resulted in a prolonged legal battle with Siegel. In retaliation, he released the partly-completed "Magazine" at the same time that Portrait released "Little Queen". A Seattle court ruled that Mushroom Records had to recall "Magazine" so that the group could remix several tracks and redo vocals before re-releasing the disc. Heart had wanted the album taken off the market completely.[citation needed]
"Little Queen", with the hit "Barracuda" (#11, 1977), became Heart's second million-seller; "Magazine" and the double-platinum "Dog and Butterfly" followed suit in 1978. After the 77-city "Dog and Butterfly" tour, the Wilson-Fisher liaisons ended. Roger was fired from the band in the fall of 1979 and Mike was no longer their manager.[13] Roger Fisher formed his own band in the Seattle area. Longtime guitarist Howard Leese and Nancy filled the guitar slack and her childhood friend Sue Ennis helped with song collaborations. Heart then released "Bebe le Strange" in 1980.

[edit] Comeback (1983–1990)
Following the release of "Private Audition" in 1982, Fossen and Derosier left the band. Both "Private Audition" and 1983's "Passionworks", (featuring new bassist Mark Andes and new drummer Denny Carmassi), failed to go gold (a gold record is 500,000 copies sold) putting Heart at a career crossroads.
In 1984, Ann Wilson recorded a duet with Mike Reno of Loverboy called "Almost Paradise". The song was featured on the soundtrack of the movie, "Footloose" and hit #7 on the pop charts. Then Heart's first album for Capitol, simply titled, "Heart" (#1, 1985), sold 5 million copies on the strength of 4 Top-10 hits: "What About Love?" (#10, 1985), "Never" (#4, 1985), "These Dreams" (#1, 1986) and "Nothin' at All" (#10, 1986). By that time, Heart had abandoned their earlier hard rock aspirations to make slick, radio-friendly pop music.
In June 1986, Nancy Wilson married journalist, screenwriter and director Cameron Crowe. She made a cameo appearance in his movie, "Fast Times at Ridgemont High" in 1982, in a scene where she was driving a Corvette, listed as Beautiful Girl In Car. Heart's next album, "Bad Animals" (#2, 1987), too, contained a chart-topper, in the power ballad "Alone" (#1, 1987), as well as "Who Will You Run To?" (#7, 1987), and "There's The Girl" (#12, 1987).
In 1989, Ann Wilson and Cheap Trick's lead singer, Robin Zander, had a #6 hit with their duet, "Surrender to Me". "Brigade" (#3, 1990) became Heart's 6th multi-platinum LP and added 3 more Top-25 hits to its catalogue, the most notable of which was "All I Wanna Do Is Make Love to You".

[edit] 1991–1995
Following a 1990 tour, the Wilson sisters put together an informal acoustic group called The Lovemongers with Sue Ennis and Frank Cox. A 4-song EP that included a version of Led Zeppelin's "Battle of Evermore" came out in late 1992, and the quartet performed several times in the Seattle area. The Lovemongers released a full-length album titled "Whirlygig" in 1997.
When Heart re-emerged with "Desire Walks On" (#48) in 1993, Schuyler Deale played bass on the album's sessions. (Mark Andes had left the band by 1992). For the group's subsequent tour, Heart was joined by bassist Fernando Saunders and drummer Denny Fongheiser. The band offered live acoustic versions of its best-known songs on 1995's "The Road Home", which was produced by Led Zeppelin's John Paul Jones.
In 1995 Nancy decided to take a break from music to concentrate on raising a family with husband Cameron Crowe. Ann toured that year with a band that was alternately called The Ann Wilson Band or Ann Wilson & the Ricola Brothers. This lineup included Leese, Scott Olson (guitars), Jon Bayless (bass) and Scott Adams (sax). Additionally, Lovemongers' members Ben Smith (drums) and Frank Cox (guitars, keyboards, percussion) performed in this lineup. They were joined by Nancy for at least one show at The Joint in Las Vegas on October 16th, 1995, which was billed as a Heart show and later broadcast by the Westwood One Superstars in Concert series. A videotape of the show was also shown on VH1.

[edit] 1996-2001
In 1998 Ann toured again without Nancy, this time billed as Ann Wilson & Heart. The lineup was the same as it had been in 1995, but without Scott Adams. Nancy kept busy scoring her husband's movies "Jerry Maguire", "Almost Famous", "Elizabethtown", and "Vanilla Sky". She wrote, and along with her husband, produced the song "I Fall Apart" in "Vanilla Sky" that Cameron Diaz performed, and also composed "Elevator Beat", a non-vocal composition for the film. In 1999 Nancy released a solo album, ("Live at McCabe's Guitar Shop"). Also in 1999, Nancy and Ann embarked on a tour of their own, this being the first time that they had done so.

[edit] 2002-present

Nancy and Ann Wilson playing at a charity concert for the Canary Foundation 28 July 2007

[edit] 2002
In 2002, Ann and Nancy returned to the road with a brand-new Heart lineup that included Scott Olson, Ben Smith, former Alice In Chains bassist Mike Inez, and keyboardist Tom Kellock.

[edit] 2003
In 2003, Heart released their critically acclaimed concert DVD "Alive in Seattle" which has since been certified Platinum by the RIAA (platinum status requires one million in sales). The DVD included such hits as "Alone", "Barracuda", "Crazy on You", "Magic Man", "Straight On", "These Dreams" and many more.
Also in 2003, Gilby Clarke(ex-Guns N' Roses) and Darian Sahanaja came in to replace Olson and Kellock. These two new men didn't stay very long and were succeeded in 2004 by Craig Bartok and Debbie Shair. (Sahanaja's schedule became very busy after he joined Brian Wilson's touring band, but he returned to play with Heart in 2007 for their "Dreamboat Annie Live" show.)

[edit] 2004
In 2004 the Wilsons released "Jupiter's Darling", their first studio album as Heart since 1993. It featured a variety of songs that include a return to Heart's original sound as well as a blend of pop and new textures. Stand-out tracks included "Make Me", "Enough", "Oldest Story In The World" and "Lost Angel".

[edit] 2005
In 2005 the Wilsons appeared on the CMT Music Awards as a special guest of Gretchen Wilson, (no relation), and performed the Heart classic, "Crazy On You", with Gretchen. Heart performed again with Gretchen on VH-1's tribute to the band, "Decades Rock Live". The special also featured Alice in Chains, Phil Anselmo, Dave Navarro, Rufus Wainwright and Carrie Underwood.

[edit] 2006
In 2006, bass player Inez left Heart to join a reformed Alice In Chains. Ric Markman then became Heart's new bassist.

[edit] 2007
Heart was honored at the second annual VH1 Rock Honors (24 May 2007), and also performed along with Ozzy Osbourne, Genesis and ZZ Top. This, along with the inclusion of "Crazy on You" in "Guitar Hero II" and "Barracuda" in the "Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock" video game, renewed interest in Heart once again.
In September 2007, Ann Wilson released her first solo album, "Hope & Glory". The album features guest appearances by Elton John, Alison Krauss, Nancy Wilson, k d lang, Wynonna Judd, Gretchen Wilson, Rufus Wainwright, Shawn Colvin, and Deana Carter, and was produced by Ben Mink (Bare Naked Ladies, k d lang and Feist).
Both Nancy Wilson and Roger Fisher commenced writing autobiographies, but no publication dates have yet been mentioned.[14]

[edit] 2008
Heart appeared on "Idol Gives Back" on April 9, 2008, with Fergie, who sang "Barracuda" in harmony with Ann.[15]
Heart appeared on the "Ellen Degeneres Show" on January 25, 2008 for Ellen's birthday show, and performed "Barracuda". Ellen played an intro to "Barracuda" on Guitar Hero in front of the audience before announcing Heart.
In mid 2008, Heart made a U.S. tour with Journey and Cheap Trick.
"Barracuda" was played at the 2008 Republican National Convention after speeches by the party's presidential nominee John McCain and his vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin (most likely a reference to Palin's nickname "Sarah Barracuda"). On September 5, 2008, the Wilson sisters made a statement to the press disassociating themselves from the Republican party views[16], and later Sony BMG and Universal Music sent a cease-and-desist order to the Republican Party campaign.[17][18] However, Roger Fisher, (founding band member and one of the five co-writers of the song), was reported to be "thrilled" by the song's use, as the publicity it generated allowed him to endorse Barack Obama's campaign to a much bigger audience, and the additional royalties generated allowed him to make a bigger donation to Obama's campaign.[19] (The song is licensed for use in public performances under a blanket fee paid to ASCAP by the Republican National Convention; the Xcel Energy Center's ASCAP license itself did not cover non-sporting events.[20][21])

[edit] Legacy
In addition to their own recording careers, the Wilson sisters have played a key role on the Seattle music scene. Among the groups who have recorded at their Bad Animals studio are R.E.M., Pearl Jam, Alice in Chains, Soundgarden and Candlebox (all of whom have cited Heart as a major influence)[citation needed]. "Heart's Heart: 20 Years of Rock & Roll" was the first CD-ROM multimedia biography/greatest hits package ever released.

[edit] Controversy
In 1977 Heart's record label, Mushroom Records, fueled rumors that Ann and Nancy were lesbian lovers by running a full-page ad in Rolling Stone showing the sisters bare-shouldered and suggestively captioned "It was only our first time". When a reporter suggested, backstage after a live appearance, that the sisters were sex partners, Ann returned to her hotel room and began writing the lyrics to "Barracuda" to relieve her frustration.[13] The song became one of Heart's biggest hits (#11, 1977).

[edit] Members and former members
Fisher MikeMike Fisher
Manager, engineer, producer, light man, and prior to Nancy joining the group, guitar[22]
Fisher RogerRoger Fisher
Lead Guitar, backing vocals
Fossen SteveSteve Fossen
Electric bass guitar, percussion
Hannah JohnJohn Hannah
Johnstone BrianBrian Johnstone
Wilson AnnAnn Wilson
Vocals (Lead Vocals, backing vocals), flute, guitar, keyboards, percussion, violin
Wilson NancyNancy Wilson
Vocals, guitar (acoustic guitars, electric guitars, lead guitar), mandolin, keyboards, synthesizers, harmonica
DeRosier MichaelMichael DeRosier
Drums, percussion
Leese HowardHoward Leese
Guitars, keyboards, synthesizers, mandolin, recorder, autoharp, percussion, backing vocals
Andes MarkMark Andes
Electric bass guitar, backing vocals
Carmassi DennyDenny Carmassi
Drums, percussion
Deale SchuylerSchuyler Deale
Electric bass guitar
Fongheiser DennyDenny Fongheiser
Drums, percussion
Saunders FernandoFernando Saunders
Electric bass guitar
Olson ScottScott Olson
Cox FrankFrank Cox
Guitar, keyboards, backing vocals
Adams ScottScott Adams
Bayless JohnJohn Bayless
Electric bass guitar
Kellock TomTom Kellock
Keyboards, synthesizers
Smith BenBen Smith
Inez MikeMike Inez
Electric bass guitar
Clarke GilbyGilby Clarke
Sahanaja DarianDarian Sahanaja
Keyboards, synthesizers
Bartock CraigCraig Bartock
Shair DebbieDebbie Shair
Keyboards, synthesizers
Markmann RicRic Markmann
Electric bass guitar

[edit] Discography
For a complete list of Heart albums and singles, see Heart discography.

[edit] Heart songs in other media
For lists of cover versions of individual songs, and of their appearances in other media, refer to the individual pages of the songs themselves. (A list of Heart's songs pages appears at Category:Heart songs.)
Appearances in other media of Heart's songs without their own pages include:
"No Other Love" is featured in The L Word season 2 (2005).
"The Heat" is featured in the 1984 movie Up the Creek.

[edit] See also
List of bands from Canada
List of best-selling music artists

[edit] References

[edit] Notes
^ a b c d e Kelly, Maura Interview with Nancy Wilson, The Believer, August 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-01.
^ a b Bergman, Julie Guitar Queen of Heart, cover story, Acoustic Guitar, September 1999, No. 81
^ a b Wilson, Ann. Dreamboat Annie Live, DVD interview 2007.
^ a b Fisher, Roger. Solo acoustic show, Q&A. 2007 It was a really magical relationship, it was uncanny. Living up in Vancouver BC for 5 years, putting Heart together up there
^ a b c d Fisher, Roger. Interview 2008[not specific enough to verify]
^ a b c Loder, Kurt. Making Music to the Northern Lights, Circus Magazine. November 1977. Roger Fisher on Brother Mike Fisher: Then he moved to Canada, we got Ann, she met my brother, they fell in love, and so we moved up to Canada too, and put the band together up there about six years ago
^ a b c d Little Queen tour program. 1 In 1972, the core of Heart came together in Vancouver,B.C 2 In 1974, two years after Roger, Steve and Ann had moved to Vancouver, Nancy left school and joined them
^ The Second Ending. A KWSU-TV, Pullman, WA, television show first broadcast on April 9, 1976. Ann Wilson speaks from the stage and says "We only have time for one more I think so we're gonna do a song that, um, was our first single up in Canada, oh by the way, we from Canada. We're from Vancouver BC in case you haven't heard this yet, We're just starting to ooze down across the border now you see"
^ Although Ann & Nancy are the only constant members, Howard Leese played guitars, keyboards, synthesizers and provided backing vocals for 22 years from 1975 to 1997.
^ To quote, they have "to date, yielded sales of well over 30 million albums with more than 20 Top-40 hits and live shows that sell out stadiums whenever and wherever [they perform]".
^ a b c d Fossen, Steve[not specific enough to verify]
^ Bebe Le Strange Epic Records Press Kit. 1980. Steve Fossen was a founding member of Heart in 1972 and 1973 after completing his music major in college
^ a b Refer to the episode of "VH1 Behind the Music" which follows the career of "The First Sisters of Rock & Roll". More information about this episode can be found at - Heart episode
^ Roger Fisher discusses forthcoming autobiographies being written by Nancy Wilson and by himself.
^ The Wilson sisters statement can be seen here
^ a b Other than being Roger Fisher's brother and, for a period, Ann Wilson's boyfriend, it is difficult to verify Mike Fisher's role(s) in the band. Prior to Nancy Wilson joining, it has been suggested he was guitarist for Army[citation needed] and White Heart[citation needed]. It appears that Nancy took over his role as guitarist[citation needed], and he ceased his role as a musician, taking on one or more of the roles of engineer, producer, manager and light man.[citation needed] There are no musical credits for him on any of the Heart albums. For example, on the "Dreamboat Annie" album sleeve, he is credited as "Special Direction". In the "VH1 Behind the Music" interview, Ann refers to him as the group's manager, but there is no other supporting evidence. In an entry dated 22 March 2008 on Roger Fisher's "Questions & Replies" page ( in response to the question, "I've often wondered how Ann & Nancy wound up with the name Heart when it was your band in the first place?", Roger replies: "The answer is detailed in my book. In a nutshell, when brother Mike was happily with Ann, and Nance and I were happily together, the Heart Partnership was formed. Mike and I, in our wisdom, insisted the girls be given 51% of the rights in the partnership." However, other than supporting that Mike was part of "the Heart Partnership", it does nothing to confirm Mike's role(s), and the dates he performed those roles.
^ Member of Army and White Heart 1967–70 and member of Hocus Pocus 1970-71 with Ann Wilson
^ Member of Army and White Heart 1967–70
^ Member of Hocus Pocus 1970-71
^ Darian Sahanaja rejoined the group in 2007 for the "Dreamboat Annie: live" concert.

[edit] Bibliography
Jake Brown, Heart: In the Studio, Ecw Press (June 1, 2008), ISBN 1550228315

[edit] External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Heart's official site
Interview with Howard Leese
Official Heart Myspace profile
Heart at Discogs
Heart at LyricWiki
Ann WilsonNancy Wilson • Ben Smith • Ric Markmann • Debbie Shair • Craig BartockMike Fisher • Roger Fisher • Steve Fossen • John Hannah • Brian Johnstone • Michael Derosier • Howard LeeseMark AndesDenny Carmassi • Schuyler Deale • John Purdell • Denny Fongheiser • Fernando Saunders • Scott Olson • Tom Kellock • Mike InezGilby Clarke • Darian Sahanaja
Studio albums
Dreamboat AnnieMagazineLittle QueenDog and ButterflyBebe le StrangePrivate AuditionPassionworksHeartBad AnimalsBrigadeDesire Walks OnHeart Presents a Lovemongers' ChristmasJupiter's Darling
Live albums
Rock the House Live!The Road HomeAlive in SeattleDreamboat Annie Live
Greatest Hits LiveThese Dreams: Greatest HitsGreatest HitsGreatest Hits: 1985-1995The Essential HeartLove AliveLove Songs
"Crazy on You" • "Magic Man" • "Dreamboat Annie" • "(Love Me Like Music) I'll Be Your Song" • "Barracuda" • "Little Queen" • "Kick It Out" • "Heartless" • "Straight On" • "Dog and Butterfly" • "Magazine" • "Without You" • "Even It Up" • "Bebe le Strange" • "Break" • "Raised on You" • "Sweet Darlin'" • "Tell It Like It Is" • "Unchained Melody" • "This Man Is Mine" • "City's Burning" • "Bright Light Girl" • "The Situation" • "How Can I Refuse?" • "Sleep Alone" • "Allies" • "The Heat" • "What About Love" • "Never" • "These Dreams" • "Nothin' at All" • "If Looks Could Kill" • "Alone" • "Who Will You Run To" • "There's the Girl" • "I Want You So Bad" • "Wait for an Answer" • "All I Wanna Do Is Make Love to You" • "Wild Child" • "Tall, Dark Handsome Stranger" • "I Didn't Want to Need You" • "Stranded" • "Secret" • "You're the Voice" • "Black on Black II" • "Will You Be There (In the Morning)" • "Back to Avalon" • "The Woman in Me" • "Alone" (acoustic) • "The Road Home" • "Strong, Strong Wind" • "The Perfect Goodbye" • "Oldest Story in the World" • "Make Me"
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